In web development world, the question What is Bootstrap is quite popular. You may have tried to get the answer but failed to get a proper one. So I decided to provide a proper and easy answer for this question in this article.
Bootstrap is the most popular, free and open-source framework for creating responsive layout in web pages, with much less efforts. It contains HTML, CSS and JS components for creating forms, buttons, navigation, dropdown, modals, layout and many other things, the list is very long indeed. You can create all these without much efforts, which otherwise would require a lot of CSS, HTML and JS code. If you are a web developer then Bootstrap is for you.
Before Bootstrap, web designers like you had to work on CSS Media Queries to create a responsive web design. Bootstrap simplified this by taking care of Media Queries by its own. This removed the complexity and made it fast and easy.
Please check the article on CSS Media Queries to get more information on this topic.
The first version of Bootstrap was released on August 19, 2011 by a team of Twitter developers. The main idea was to encourage consistency during web development of projects. This consistency was lacking before that time as various libraries were used during web development. This was also leading to high maintenance cost and burden.
Bootstrap solved that inconsistency problem and became an instant hit. Today millions of websites are using it.
Bootstrap can be downloaded from here.
Web designers and developers love to use Bootstrap in their projects. They use it to create a responsive web design that looks perfectly accurate on all screen sizes (smartphones, tablets, laptops and PCs).
If you are a web developer then you should look into the advantages that Bootstrap provides:
Talking about the structure of Bootstrap – It is made up of 2 main parts. These are:
In order to use bootstrap you have to add ‘bootstrap.css’ and ‘bootstrap bundle js’ in your website. The below image illustrates this.
Now reference the bootstrap.css in page head (before your site’s CSS files).
<title>Bootstrap</title> <!-- Required meta tags --> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> <!-- Bootstrap core CSS --> <link href="css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet"> <!-- Custom style for your website --> <link href="style.css" rel="stylesheet">
Bootstrap 5.0 eliminates the nedd for jQuery. So you just have to only reference css and bundle js. Note that bundle js file includes popper js in it. See the highlighted code below which uses Boostrap 5.1 version.
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Page Title</title> <!-- Required meta tags --> <meta charset="utf-8"> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> <!--Bootstrap CSS Reference--> <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-+0n0xVW2eSR5OomGNYDnhzAbDsOXxcvSN1TPprVMTNDbiYZCxYbOOl7+AMvyTG2x" crossorigin="anonymous"> <!--Website Style Sheet Reference--> <link href="css/style.css" rel="stylesheet" /> </head> <body> <!-- Bootstrap Bundle with Popper --> <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js" integrity="sha384-gtEjrD/SeCtmISkJkNUaaKMoLD0//ElJ19smozuHV6z3Iehds+3Ulb9Bn9Plx0x4" crossorigin="anonymous"></script> </body>
That’s all, now you are ready to use Bootstrap in your website.
☺ Want to start using Bootstrap in your website right away? Check the following tutorials:
You absolutely need to use bootstrap in your websites and web projects. The main reason is it provides your website the responsiveness which it needed the most.
By this time you may have got your answer of What is Bootstrap. Hopefully you learned about Bootstrap and its tremendous positives in web projects. This tutorial only tells a little of what this framework is capable of but I am confident that you will take it from here. A quick Google search on different bootstrap topics will point you in the right direction.